Skip to main content

Encyclopaedia of the North East

K - Kale, kail to kirk

A large printed lower case letter K with pewter vessels and long wooden tools.

kale, kail n a cabbage with open curled leaves. 
kailyard n a cabbage-patch. 
kailyard school n a group of sentimental Scottish writers 
Kail was for a long time one of extremely few green vegetables that were cultivated in the North East prior to the agricultural revolution in the 18th century. The long cold winters and the short growing season combined with the almost indestructibility of the plant made it a nutritious addition to the otherwise relatively poor diet of the North East. 


 A church la14- 
2 The Catholic church before the Reformation 16-e17. afterwards applied to the presbyterian church la17-

Whereas, amongst the infinite blessings of the Almighty God upon this nation, none is or can be more dear unto us than the purity of our religion... and that the present Church-government by archbishops, bishops... and other ecclesiastical officers depending upon the hierarchy, is evil and justly offensive and burdensome to the kingdom.
Ordinance of the Westminster Assembly 12 June 1643